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  • Buyers Guide - Washing Machines


Washing Machine Buyer Guide |

Washing Machine Buyer Guide

Get cleaner, softer, and stain-free clothes with a washing machine. Choose from different capacities, loading types and functions so that a time-consuming task can be completed in a jiffy.

How does a washing machine work:

A washing machine generally has two steel drums. the inner perforated drum, with an agitator fixed to it, holds water and washes the clothes. The agitator helps in stirring and rinsing the clothes. the electrically operated pump helps in draining out excess water after the wash is over. The perforations on the side wall of the inner drum are meant to drain out water, while the drum spins to dry the clothes.

Sequence of wash cycle: soaking, washing with detergent, rinsing and then drying.

This flow can, however, be customized to suite different types of fabrics like wool, linen, cotton, silk etc.

Step 1: Fill the drum with water, mix detergent and then soak the clothes.

Step 2: The movement of the clothes by the agitator helps remove the stains and dirt out of the fabric.

Step 3: Rinse the clothes in clean water to remove the detergent out of the fabric.

Step 4: Spin the drum to dry the clothes and drain out water.

This guide will show you:

  • Various ways of loading a washing machine
  • Suitable capacity for different households
  • Features a washing machine should ideally have
  • Main functions of a washing machine
  • Different wash cycles for various garments
Washing Machine

Washing Machine Function Type

Now, let's have a look at the various types of washing machines available:

Semi-Automatic Washing Machine


  • Entry-level washing machines feature two separate tubs for washing and drying
  • Capacity ranges from about 5kg to 9kg
  • Two functions performed simultaneously
  • Semi-automatics do not require continuous water supply
  • Price Range: Rs. 8,0000 - 28,0000
Select Semi-Automatic
Fully-Automatic Washing Machine


  • Categorized into two types- Agitator and Impeller
  • Agitator models are ideal for washing heavy fabrics
  • Impeller models are suitable for washing delicate garments
  • Capacity ranges between 5kg to 15kg
  • Requires continuous water supply
  • Usually has a built-in heater for hot water wash
  • Price Range:
    Rs. 12,0000 - 20,0000 (Top-Load)
    Rs. 20,000 - 80,0000 (Front-Load)
Select Fully-Automatic
Portable Washing Machine


  • Small in size
  • Capacity is limited to 3kg
  • Doesn't have a Hot Water Wash feature
  • Doesn't require continuous water supply
  • Price Range: Rs. 1,200 - 5,000
Select Portable

Washing Machine Loading Type

Top-Loading Washing Machine


  • Tub is vertically equipped for the convenience of a user
  • Have shorter wash cycles, so clothes can be added mid-cycle
  • Pulsators used for washing
  • Manual control panel
  • Capacity: 6-10kg
Select Top-Loading
Front Loading Washing Machine


  • Advanced washers in terms of technology and washing capacity
  • Can handle both heavy and delicate fabrics
  • Cannot add garments between a wash cycle
  • Thermostat for temperature control
  • LED display for control panel
  • Capacity: 6-14kg
Select Front Loading
Front Loading
Hybrid Washing Machine


  • Functions like a front-loading machine but clothes are loaded from the top
  • Features can be manually adjusted
  • Cannot add garments between a wash cycle
  • Capacity: 6-14kg
  • Thermostat for temperature control
  • LED display for control panel
Select Top & Front Loading
Top & Front Loading

Comparison of features for different loading type

Top Load Front Load Hybrid
Price (in Rupees) 8,000 to 28,000 20,000 to 80,000 15,000 to 80,000
Water consumption (in Litres) 20 to 40/wash cycle 50/wash cycle 40 to 50/wash cycle
Wash mode 3 to 5 modes over 100 modes 10 to 20 modes
Noise level Medium Very Low Low
Fabric movement Rotate Rotate, spin, tumble Rotate, spin, tumble


Given below is a chart for capacities of washing machine as per users

Capacity of Washing Machine

Take into consideration the size of the family and wash frequency to decide the ideal capacity of a washing machine.

5-6 Kg 6-7 Kg 7-8 Kg 8 Kg & Above
Washing Capacity
  • 3-4 Shirts
  • 3-4 Trousers
  • 1 Double Bed Sheet
  • 2-3 Towels
  • 8-10 Unmentionables
  • 5-7 Shirts
  • 6-7 Trousers
  • 2-3 Double Bed Sheets
  • 4-5 Towels
  • 12-18 Unmentionables
  • 5-7 Shirts
  • 6-7 Trousers
  • 3-4 Double Bed Sheets
  • 4-5 Towels
  • 15-20 Unmentionables
  • 10-12 Shirts
  • 10-12 Trousers
  • 8-10 Double Bed Sheets
  • 10-12 Towels
  • 25-50 Unmentionables
Price Range According Type Semi-automatic:
Rs. 8,000 to 25,000

Rs. 11,000 to 45,000
Rs. 9,000 to 25,000

Rs. 13,000 to 45,000
Rs. 12,000 to 25,000

Rs. 15,000 to 50,000
Rs. 18,000 to 50,000

Rs. 25,000 to 50,000

Key Features

Here are some features that you can look for while getting home your new washing machine.

Quick/Smart Wash

Quick/Smart Wash

  • Excellent for smaller loads
  • Takes just 15-18 minutes to wash a load of 1.5 kg of laundry
  • For larger loads, machines have 40-45 minutes wash cycles
Fuzzy Logic

Fuzzy Logic

  • Machine automatically chooses the best wash cycle depending on the load
  • Auto-detects the weight and determines the wash cycle time, detergent, and water needed for washing
Automatic Drainage

Automatic Drainage

  • Machine dispenses water automatically after wash cycle ends
  • Prevents clothes from over-soaking

Wash Programs

Wash Programs

  • A washing machine has three wash functions - normal, heavy, and gentle
  • Some machines are loaded with preset washing programs and water level options

Delay Start Function

Delay Start Function

  • Delay washing process up to 23 hours
  • Wash cycle starts automatically on its own even
  • Clothes can be soaked for a specified period
Child Lock

Child Lock

Locks down the option panel, so that kids won't be able to obstruct the washing process.

Machine Protection

Machine Protection

  • Known as "Protective Rat Mesh"
  • Protects external or physical parts of the machine from rodents


Control type

  • Digital control panel offers full access to machine
  • Manual knobs are easy to handle

Hot Water Wash

Hot Water Wash

  • Suitable for very cold areas
  • Ideal for washing clothes that require hot water

Functions of a Washing Machine

Following functions are available in a washing machine:



For a Semi-automatic machine:

  • Fill the machine with water to a marked level
  • Add clothes and detergent to the washing machine
  • Choose between hot (if the machine can handle hot water) or cold water.
  • Select time of washing between 5 to 15 minutes

For a Fully-automatic Machine:

  • Fill the machine with clothes
  • Add detergent to the detergent basket
  • Choose between hot, cold, or warm water
  • Select time of washing between 5 to 15 minutes or select from the preset programs


For a Semi-automatic machine:

  • Drain the water after a detergent wash
  • Fill the machine with water to a marked level
  • Select time of rinsing between 5 to 15 minutes

For a Fully-automatic Machine:

  • Not required as it is a part of Wash Cycle


For a Semi-automatic machine:

  • Drain the water after rinsing clothes in clean water
  • Move the rinsed clothes to the spinning tub
  • Select time between 5 to 15 minutess

For a Fully-automatic Machine:

  • After completion of Wash cycle, select spinning/drying option
  • Select time between 5 to 15 minutes or select from the preset programs


  • Additional feature
  • Heats clothes during drying process
  • Quick drying of clothes

Attributes and Usage

Wash Cycle Attributes Ideal For
Heavy duty
  • Features extra soaking time
  • Longer cycle
  • More vigorous agitation
Cloth diapers, jeans, towels, and throw rugs. Greased clothes worn by children, farmers, mechanics, or athletes
  • Regular spin cycle
  • Vigorous wash
Cottons, synthetics, cotton blends, and everyday clothes
Delicates Gentle wash and spin cycle Lingerie, inner-garments, swimsuits, washable silk, and wool
Light wash Short wash cycle Clothes that need freshening and cleansing, but are not too dirty
Hand wash
  • Gentle wash and regular spin cycles
  • More soaking time
  • Less tumbling
Vintage garments, embellished and embroidered clothes, hand-knit or crocheted stuffs
  • Very hot water
  • Steam used to remove bacteria and other allergy-causing germs
Diapers, work clothes, and clothes worn by those who suffer from any sort of ailments
Rinse and Spin Short wash cycle Items that are already hand washed and not dirty
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